13 Aung San's wife daw Khin kyi died on 27 December 1988. For his independence struggle and uniting the country as a single entity, he is revered as the architect of modern Burma and a national hero. His legacy assured his daughter's rise as a non-violence icon during the 8888 Uprising against military junta. A martyrs' mausoleum was built at the foot of the Shwedagon Pagoda and 19 July was designated Martyrs' day ( azani nei a public holiday. His literary work entitled Burma's Challenge was likewise popular. Aung San's name had been invoked by successive burmese governments since independence, until the military regime in the 1990s tried to eradicate all traces of Aung San's memory. Nevertheless, several statues of him adorn the former capital Yangon and his portrait still has a place of pride in many homes and offices throughout the country.
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There were rumours of a conspiracy involving the British—a variation on this theory was given new life in an influential, but sensationalist, documentary broadcast by the bbc on the 50th anniversary of the assassination in 1997. What did emerge in the course of the investigations at the time of the trial, however, was that several low-ranking British officers had sold guns to a number of Burmese politicians, including u saw. Shortly after u saw's conviction, captain david vivian, a british Army officer, was sentenced to five years' imprisonment for supplying u saw with weapons. Vivian escaped from prison during the karen uprising in Insein in early 1949. Little information about his motives was revealed during his trial or after the trial. 12 While he was War Minister in 1942, aung San met and married Khin kyi, and around wizard the same time her sister met and married Thakin Than Tun, the communist leader. Aung San and Khin kyi had four children. Their youngest surviving child, aung San suu kyi, is a nobel peace Prize laureate, currently serving as State counsellor, the first female minister of Foreign Affairs, and leader of the national league for Democracy (NLD). Their second son, aung San Lin, died at age eight, when he drowned in an ornamental lake in the grounds favorite of the house. The elder, aung San oo, is an engineer working in the United States and has disagreed with his sister's political activities. Their youngest daughter, aung San Chit, born in September 1946, died on 26 September 1946, the same day aung San got into governor's Executive council, a few days after her birth.
These leaders unanimously decided to join the friend Union of Burma. In the general election held in April 1947, the afpfl won 176 out of the 210 seats in the constituent Assembly, while the karens won 24, the communists 6, and Anglo-burmans. 10 In July, aung San convened a series of conferences at Sorrenta villa in Rangoon to discuss the rehabilitation of Burma. Assassination edit On, a gang of armed paramilitaries of former Prime minister u saw 11 broke into the secretariat building in downtown Rangoon during a meeting of the Executive council (the shadow government established by the British in preparation for the transfer of power) and. A cabinet secretary and a bodyguard were also killed. U saw was subsequently tried and hanged. Many mysteries still surround the assassination.
3 A rift had already developed inside the afpfl between the communists and Aung San, leading the nationalists and Socialists, which came to a head when Aung San and others accepted seats on the Executive council. The rift culminated in the expulsion of Thakin Than Tun and the cpb from the afpfl. 3 4 Aung San was to all intents and purposes Prime minister, although he was still subject to a british veto. On, aung San and the British Prime minister Clement Attlee signed an agreement guaranteed in London guaranteeing Burma's independence within a year; Aung San had been responsible for its negotiation. 3 At a press conference during a stopover in Delhi, he stated that the burmese wanted "complete independence" and not dominion status, and that they had "no inhibitions of any kind" about "contemplating a violent or non-violent struggle or both" in order to achieve. He concluded that he hoped for the best, but was prepared for the worst. 4 Two weeks after the signing of the agreement with Britain, aung San signed an agreement at the panglong Conference on 12 February 1947 with leaders from other national groups, expressing solidarity and support for a united Burma. 3 9 Karen representatives played a relatively minor role plan in the conference and, as subsequent rebellions revealed, remained alienated from the new state. U aung Zan wai, u pe khin, major Aung, sir maung gyi, dr sein mya maung, and myoma u than Kywe were among the negotiators of the historic Panglong Conference negotiated with Aung San and other ethnic leaders in 1947.
After the war edit After the return of the British, who established a military administration, the Anti-fascist Organisation (afo formed in August 1944, was transformed into a united front, comprising the bna, the communists and the socialists, and renamed the Anti-fascist people's Freedom league (afpfl). The burma national Army was renamed the patriotic Burmese forces (PBF) and then gradually disarmed by the British as the japanese were driven out of various parts of the country. The patriotic Burmese forces, while disbanded, were offered positions in the burma Army under British command according to the kandy conference agreement with Lord louis mountbatten in ceylon in September 1945. 3 Aung San was offered the rank of Deputy Inspector General of the burma Army, but he declined it in favor of becoming a civilian political leader and the military leader of the pyithu yèbaw tat (People's Volunteer Organisation or pvo). 3 In January 1946, aung San became the President of the afpfl following the return of civil government to burma the previous October. In September, he was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Executive council or 5th Premier of British-Burma Crown Colony by the new British governor Sir Hubert Rance, and was made responsible for defence and external affairs. 3 Rance and mountbatten took a very different view from the former British governor, sir Reginald Dorman-Smith, and also winston Churchill, who had called Aung San a "traitor rebel leader".
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As one of his leading followers once said to me, "If the British sucked our blood, the japanese ground our bones!" he became more and more disillusioned with the japanese, and early in 1943 we got news from seagrim, a most gallant officer who had. On e was bold enough to speak publicly with contempt of the japanese brand of independence, and it was clear that, if they did not soon liquidate him, he might prove useful. At our first interview, aung San began to take rather a high hand. I pointed out that he was in no position to take the line he had. I did not need his forces; I was destroying the japanese quite nicely without their help, and could continue to.
I would accept his help and that of his army only on the clear understanding that it implied no recognition of any provisional government. The British government had announced its intention to grant self-government to burma within the British Commonwealth, and we had better limit our discussion to the best method book of throwing the japanese out of the country as the next step toward self-government. 8 Aung San made plans to organize an uprising in Burma and made contact with the British authorities in India, in cooperation with the communist leaders Thakin Than Tun and Thakin soe. On, he led the bna in a revolt against the japanese occupiers and helped the Allies defeat the japanese. 3 27 March came to be commemorated as Resistance day, until the military regime renamed it " Tatmadaw (Armed Forces) day".
3 On 26 December 1941, with the help of the minami kikan, a secret intelligence unit that was formed to close the burma road and to support a national uprising and that was headed by suzuki keiji, he founded the burma Independence Army (BIA). 3 It was aligned with Japan for most of World War. 3 The capital of Burma, rangoon (also known as Yangon fell to the japanese in March 1942 (as part of the burma campaign ). The bia formed an administration for the country under Thakin Tun oke that operated in parallel with the japanese military administration until the japanese disbanded. In July, the disbanded bia was re-formed as the burma defense Army (BDA).
Aung San was made a colonel and put in charge of the force. 4 he was later invited to japan, and was presented with the Order of the rising Sun by Emperor Hirohito. 4 Aung San in Burma national Army uniform On, the japanese declared Burma an independent nation - state of Burma - under ba maw. Aung San was appointed War Minister, and the army was again renamed, this time as the burma national Army (BNA). 4 Aung San soon became doubtful about Japanese promises of true independence and of Japan's ability to win the war. As William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim put it: It was not long before aung San found that what he meant by independence had little relation to what the japanese were prepared to give—that he had exchanged an old master for an infinitely more tyrannical new.
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5 Shortly afterwards he co-founded the people's revolutionary proposal party, renamed the socialist Party after the second World War. 3 In March 1940, he attended the Indian National Congress Assembly in Ramgarh, india. However, the government issued a warrant for his arrest due to Thakin attempts to organize a revolt against the British and he had to flee burma. 4 he went first to China, seeking assistance from the nationalist government of the kuomintang, 6 but he was intercepted by the japanese military occupiers in Amoy, and was convinced by them to go to japan instead. 3 During the second World War edit aung San in Japan, flanked by bo letya (Thakin Hla pe) to his left and bo sekkya (Thakin Aung Than) to his right Whilst Aung San was in Japan, the Blue print for a free burma, which has. 7 In February 1941, aung San returned to burma, with an offer of arms and financial support from the fumimaro konoe government of Japan. He returned briefly to japan to receive more military training, along with the first batch of young revolutionaries who came to be entry known as the Thirty comrades.
In 1938 Aung San reviews was elected president of both the rangoon University Student Union (rusu) and the All-Burma Students Union (absu formed after the strike spread to mandalay. 3 4 In the same year, the government appointed him as a student representative on the rangoon University Act Amendment Committee. In October 1938, aung San left his law classes and entered national politics. At this point, he was anti-British and staunchly anti- imperialist. He became a thakin (lord or master—a politically motivated title that proclaimed that the burmese people were the true masters of their country, not the colonial rulers who had usurped the title for their exclusive use) when he joined the dobama Asiayone (we burmans Association). He acted as its general secretary until August 1940. While in this role, he helped organize a series of countrywide strikes that became known as me 1300 revolution (, htaung thoun ya byei ayeidawbon based on the burmese calendar year. He also helped found another nationalist organization, the Freedom Bloc bama-htwet-yat gaing by forming an alliance between the dobama, the absu, politically active monks and Dr ba maw 's poor Man's Party, and became its General Secretary. He also became a founder member and the first Secretary general of the communist Party of Burma (CPB) in August 1939.
daw suu, in Natmauk, magway district, in central Burma on 13 February 1915. His family was already well known in the burmese resistance movement; his grandfather bo min yaung fought against the British annexation of Burma in 1886 and was beheaded by the British. 1 Aung San received his primary education at a buddhist monastic school in Natmauk, and secondary education at Yenangyaung High School. He went to rangoon University (now the University of Yangon). Names of Aung San edit name at birth: Htein Lin as student leader and a thakin : Aung San nom de guerre: bo teza japanese name: Omoda monji chinese name: Tan lu shaung Resistance period code name: myo aung u naung Cho contact code name. 2 he was elected to the executive committee of the rangoon University Students' Union (rusu). He then became editor of the rusu's magazine Oway (Peacock's Call). 3 n Portrait of the rangoon University Student Union in 1936 In February 1936 he was threatened with expulsion from the university, along with u nu, for refusing to reveal the name of the author of the article "Hell hound at Large which criticized. This led to the second University Students' Strike; the university authorities subsequently retracted the expulsions.
Communist Party of Burma. He was responsible for bringing about Burma's independence from. British rule, but was assassinated six months before general independence. During World War Two, he initially collaborated with Japan following their invasion of Burma before swapping sides to the British. He is recognized as the leading architect of independence, and the founder of the. Affectionately known as "Bogyoke" (Major General aung San is still widely admired by the burmese people, and his name is still invoked in Burmese politics to this day. Aung San's daughter, aung San suu kyi, is a burmese stateswoman and politician and a recipient of the.
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This article is about Aung San. For his daughter, see. Aung San suu kyi. In, burmese names, bogyoke is an honorific, not a with surname. Bogyoke (Major General) Aung San burmese : ; mlcts : buil hkyup aung hcan:, pronounced bòdʑoʊʔ àʊɴ sáɴ ; 13 February 1915 ) served as the 5th Premier of the British Crown Colony of Burma from 1946 to 1947. Initially he was a communist and later a social democratic politician. He was known as a revolutionary, nationalist, and as the founder of the. Tatmadaw, and is considered the, father of the nation of modern-day myanmar. He was the founder of the.