Novels of the early 20th century promoted a nationalist consciousness. While venkatachar and Galaganath translated Bankim Chandra and Harinarayana Apte respectively, gulvadi venkata rao, kerur Vasudevachar and. Puttanna wrote realistic novels. Aluru venkatarao penned Karnataka gatha vaibhava that deeply influenced the movement for Karnatakas unification. Puttappa were other poets of note. Most famous was. Puttappa (Ramayana darsanam) and Bendre (nakuthandti) have won the Jnanpith Award.
Icdar 99 (Bangalore, india)
In the early 19th century, maharaja Krishnaraja wodeyar iii and his court poets moved away from the ancient champu form of prose toward prose renderings of Sanskrit epics and plays. The first modern Kannada novel is Kempu narayanas Mudramanjusha (1823). Advertisements: Modern Kannada literature was cross- fertilised by the colonial period in India as well, as translations of Kannada works and dictionaries into european languages as well as other Indian languages, and vice versa, and European style newspapers and periodicals in Kannada came. In the 19th century, interaction with European technology, like new printing techniques, gave an impetus to modern Kannada literature. The first Kannada newspaper called Mangalore satnachara was published by hermann Mogling in 1843; and the first Kannada periodical, mysuru Vrittanta bodhini, was published by Bhashyam Bhashyacharya in Mysore at around the same time. Srikanthayya (Inglis Gitagalu) regarded as the father of modern Kannada literature, gave kannada poetry a conscious modern direction. Narasimhachar, panje mangesha rao and Hattiangadi narayana rao made immense contributions. The novel found an early champion in Shivaram Karanth while another prominent writer, masti venkatesh iyengar (Masti a jnanpith Award winner considered the father of Kannada short story, laid the foundation with his Kelavu sanna kathegalu (1920) and Sanna kathegalu (1924). Kailasam, with his Tollu gatti (1918) and Tali kattoke cooline pioneered essay modern drama. His plays mainly focused on problems like the dowry system, religious persecution, woes in the extended family system and exploitation of women.
Yakshagana compositions are associated with the rule of King Kanteerava narasaraja wodeyar ii (1704-1714) and Mummadi Krishnaraja wodeyar (1794-1868 a prolific writer of the era who penned over 40 writings including a poetic romance called saugandika parinaya. King Chikka devaraja wodeyar (1673-1704) wrote geetha gopala, a well-known treatise on music, in saptapadi metre. It was the first writing to propagate the vaishnava faith in the kannada language. Sarvajna, a mendicant and drifter Virashaiva poet who was seen as the peoples poet, wrote didactic vachanas, penned in the tripadi metre, which constitute some of Kannadas most celebrated works. Lakshmisa (or lakshmisha a well- known story-teller and a dramatist, is dated to the mid-16th or late 17th century. The jaimini Bharata, his version of the mahabharata written in shatpadi metre, is a popular poem. The vaishnava movement produced the immortal lined songs of Purandaradasa and Kanakadasa. Modern Kannada literature began in mid-nineteenth century and incorporated two aspects—absorption of western ideas and a rediscovery of the past. Laskhminaranappa (Muddana) wrote some good prose works.
Under the patronage of the later hoysalas, several literary works were produced. Kannada literature flourished under the vijayaaagara kings and their feudatories during the 14th-16th centuries. The kannada Bharata by kumara vyasa is an outstanding work. Jainas, virashaivas and brahmins produced poetic works and biographies of saints. Some of the notable names of the period are ratnakara varni (Bharatesvara Charita abhinavadai vidyananda (kavyasara salva (Rasa ratnakara nanjunda kavi (Kumara ramane kathe bhimkavi (Basava purana chamarasa (Prabhulinga-lilai in 1430 narahari (Torave ramayana). Kumari valmiki (1500) wrote the first complete brahmanical adaptation of Ramayana, the torave ramayana. With the decline of the vijayanagara Empire, the kingdom of Mysore (1565-1947) and the kingdom of the keladi nayakas (1565-1763) gave encouragement to production of literary texts covering various themes. A unique and native form of poetic literature with dramatic representation called yakshagana gained dates popularity in the 18th century. Modern Kannada theatre is traced to the rise of yakshagana (a type of field play) of the 16th century.
Pampa, ponna and Ranna are considered the three gems and the epithet golden age is used for their period. With Basaveswara introducing the vacham sahitya or sharana sahitya in writing, a revolution came about in the 12th century. Pithy, simple and drawn from daily life, the sayings or vacham spoke up for the equality of men and dignity of labour. The poets expressed their devotion to god Shiva in simple vachana poems. These poems were spontaneous utterances of rhythmic, epigrammatical, satirical prose emphasising the worthlessness of riches, rituals and book learning. Basavanna, allama Prabhu, devara dasimayya, channabasava and Kondaguli kesiraja are the poets called Vachanakaras who wrote in this genre. Advertisements: akka mahadevi was prominent among the women poets; she is also said to have written Mantrogopya and Yogangatrividhi. Siddharama is credited with writings in tripadi metre and 1,379 extant poems of his are to be found. Aroimd ad 1260 Karmadas first standard grammar, Sdbdamani darpana was written by kesiraja.
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To get success in business every big or small business-concern must make effective us of art of advertising goods. To run a business without its aid is not possible in the modern age. Advertisements: Essay on Kannada language! Kannada inscriptions begin to occur about ad 450. The earliest Kannada literary text dates from the ninth century, though references to a number of earlier works exist.
Jains were the earliest known cultivators of Kannada literature though works by lingayats from that period have survived. Advertisements: Vaddaradhana by Shivakotiacharya is the earliest existing prose work in old Kannada. However, one of the earliest extant works in Kannada is the kavirajamarga laura generally ascribed to the rashtrakuta king Nripatunga Amoghavarsha. In the tenth century, the champu style of composition was perfected. Pampa was the master-pioneer of this art; he is called the father of Kannada poetry. Continuing the epic tradition were ponna and Ranna.
Advertisements: Advertisements are not concerned with the good or bad quality of goods. Even the most injurious goods are advertised these days. Advertisements of undesirable drugs and medicines and indecent literature, so common. They simply cheat the public. So we should be careful while purchasing an advertised article.
We should use our own mind, instead of blindly following the advice of the advertisement. In our country, the art of advertising is in its infancy. In progressive countries, like america, big business concerns have specialists and experts for this purpose. They spend huge amounts of money on advertisement. But it is not so in our country. Some businessmen consider their products to be very superior. They think advertisement unnecessary.
Advertising: Information or Manipulation essay
We immediately learn that Sanforised cloth is best because it does not proposal shrink. So a good advertisement must be interesting, attractive and eye-catching. But proper sanctity must be maintained and unnecessary exposure must be avoided. It must also be frequently repeated, otherwise people forget all about the goods advertised. People do not like to presentation waste their time on things which do not concern them. So to be successful, advertisement must be brief. Long descriptive stories or certificates of praise about certain thing do not make good advertisement. This is an important point in advertising and a good advertiser must keep it in mind.
People look towards an advertisement only if it is eye-catching. Good, interesting pictures are very effective form this point of view. We all know essay about Sanforised cloth. The advertisements to show that quality of the cloth display a man wearing a suit of non-sanforized cloth. He appears funny and uncomfortable as his suit has gone out of fit by washing. Another man is shown wearing a suit of Sanforised cloth. How smart and active he appears.
customers, then it should appeal to their tastes. Goods for different income groups should be advertised, taking into consideration their purchasing power. A motor car is a thing for the rich. Its advertisement must be touch the mentality of the rich. Usha sewing Machine should be advertised in such a way that the family man, with ordinary income, may feel the economic advantages of the investment of his money. Secondly, advertisements should be attractive. This is very essential.
A successful businessman is one who snatches owl away money from even the most miserly and reluctant customer. Thus, the business world rotates on the pivot of advertisement. As the world is progressing, so the means of advertisement are also increasing. We all know that big posters are pasted on the walls, and handbills are distributed to advance the sale of goods. Walls are painted and big signboards are displayed on crossings and prominent places to serve this purpose. In a cinema hall, first of all we see the advertisement slides. A major part of the daily newspapers is full of advertisement. Situations Vacant, tender Notice, educational, lost and found, matrimonial, cinema advertisements, and advertisements of so many other commodities are regular features of all newspapers. Radio and Television also are being used as means of commercial advertisement.
Presentation in English English
Necessity is the mother of invention is an oft"d saying. But now-a-days the reverse of it is more true. In modern business, invention is mother of necessity. In this age of machinery, new things are produced everyday. Market biography is created for these things through advertisement Businessmen advertise their goods in various ways and thus spread a knowledge of their goods among the customers. It is through advertisement that people begin to feel a need for even those goods of which they had never heard before. It is the backbone of commerce and Industry. No business can stay in the business world without advertisement.