Why should the reader bother to read on? If we can't answer that question, maybe we don't need the story at all. To write the nut graph, answer the following questions: Assume the reader is new to the story, what is the context? Is this the first time? Is this a trend change? Is this a change in rank for the players as a result of the election, revolution, merger, takeover, earnings report, bankruptcy?
Reporting and, writing, basics - handbook of journalism
And to comply with the promote reuters Trust principles, all stories, blogs and columns must display "integrity, independence and freedom from bias". Basic story structure, a good reuters story gets straight to the point and has all the main elements, including some context, analysis, human interest and color, woven in from the top, not just tagged on as an afterthought. Intros/ledes, summary intro: The 5 Ws Who? Typical trunk story intro for breaking news including market reports. Wrap intro: Pulls together several urgents or updates on related events, or themes. The writer gets into the helicopter and looks for the big picture. Analysis intro: State an argument, or forecast the implication of a trend, or come to a conclusion. Feature intro: Anecdotal, Scene setter, narrative, exemplar, question,". Nut graphs "Nut graphs" answer the question, so what? What is the significance of this event, speech, development?
Reuters book Style guide ). Accuracy is also more than just getting the facts right it is getting the right facts, and backing up our interpretation of the facts with authoritative and unimpeachable sourcing. We need to let the reader know how we know what we know. Who do we write for? Reuters writes for three main audiences: Professional investors, fund managers, brokers, lawyers, tax specialists and others who take actions based on the news or may use it as a talking point with clients and a source of ideas to inform a longer-term strategy. Media broadcasters, newspapers, national news agencies, news websites. The broader public financially and politically aware readers who get news on m and mobile devices. As we only write one version of the story, we need to ensure that the significance and background are properly explained for an international readership, while not making the story so basic that a sophisticated reader wont value the news it contains. All readers want simple, clearly written stories that say what's happening and why it matters.
Only if the answer is a resounding yes should you send it off to its intended recipient). Home a guide to reuters Operations text reporting and Writing basics, accuracy and fairness are the hallmarks of Thomson reuters journalism. Neither accuracy nor fairness must ever be sacrificed for speed. Double-check facts, figures, names, dates and spellings. Watch for typographical errors. And make sure there is enough context in the story to ensure balance and fairness, including disclosure of important information that is not clear or or not known. We often need to write what we don't know and well as what we know, rather than leaving the reader to guess. Accuracy in reuters includes accurate " coding the proper use of " slugs using the most appropriate " headline tags " and consistent style (see the.
Reporting and, writing for Sports Media spring 2013 course at uga'
You should also avoid jargon. If you have to use specialist language, you should explain each word as you use. If you find that youve had to explain more than about five words, youre probably using too much jargon, and need to replace some of it with simpler words. If the report is designed to be written for a particular person, check whether you should be writing it to you or perhaps in the third person to a job role: The writing Chief Executive may like to consider, or The minister is recommended to agree. A final Warning As with any academic assignment or formal piece of writing, your work will benefit from being read over again and edited ruthlessly for sense and style.
Pay particular attention to whether all the information that you have included is relevant. Also remember to check tenses, which person you have written in, grammar and spelling. Its also worth one last check against any requirements on structure. For an academic assignment, make sure that you have referenced fully and correctly. As always, check that you have not inadvertently or deliberately plagiarised or copied anything without acknowledging. Finally, ask yourself: does my report fulfil its purpose?
For each theme, you should aim to set out clearly and concisely the main issue under discussion and any areas of difficulty or disagreement. It may also include experimental results. All the information that you present should be related back to the brief and the precise subject under discussion. If its not relevant, leave it out. Conclusions and Recommendations The conclusion sets out what inferences you draw from the information, including any experimental results.
It may include recommendations, or these may be included in a separate section. Recommendations suggest how you think the situation could be improved, and should be specific, achievable and measurable. If your recommendations have financial implications, you should set these out clearly, with estimated costs if possible. A word on Writing Style When writing a report, your aim should be to be absolutely clear. Above all, it should be easy to read and understand, even to someone with little knowledge of the subject area. You should therefore aim for crisp, precise text, using plain English, and shorter words rather than longer, with short sentences.
Reporting and, writing : Melvin Mencher
Executive summary, the executive summary or abstract, for a scientific report, is a brief summary of the contents. Its worth writing this last, when you know the key points to draw out. It should be no more than half a page to a page in length. Remember the executive summary is designed to give online busy 'executives' a quick summary of the contents of the report. The introduction sets out what you plan to say and provides a brief summary of the problem under discussion. It should also touch briefly on your conclusions. Report main Body The main body of the report should be carefully structured in a way that leads the reader through the issue. You should split it into sections using numbered sub-headings relating to themes or areas for consideration.
During your planning and writing, make sure that you keep your brief in mind: who are you writing for, and why are you writing? All your thinking needs to be focused on that, which may require you to be ruthless in your reading and thinking. Anything irrelevant should be discarded. As you read and research, try to organise your work into sections by theme, a bit like writing. Make sure that you keep track of your references, especially for academic work. Although referencing is perhaps less important in the workplace, its also important that you can substantiate any assertions that you make so essays its helpful to keep track of your sources of information. The Structure of a report, like the precise content, requirements for structure vary, so do check whats set out in any guidance. However, as a rough guide, you should plan to include at the very least an executive summary, introduction, the main body of your report, and a section containing your conclusions and any recommendations.
and a clear and full contents page listing each heading. It follows that page numbering is important. Modern word processors have features to add tables of contents (ToC) and page numbers as well as styled headings; you should take advantage of these as they update automatically as you edit your report, moving, adding or deleting sections. Report Writing, getting Started: prior preparation and planning. The structure of a report is very important to lead the reader through your thinking to a course of action and/or decision. Its worth taking a bit of time to plan it out beforehand. Step 1: Know your brief, you will usually receive a clear brief for a report, including what you are studying and for whom the report should be prepared. First of all, consider your brief very carefully and make sure that you are clear who the report is for (if you're a student then not just your tutor, but who it is supposed to be written for and why you are writing it,. Step 2: keep your brief in mind at all times.
Essentially, a report is a short, sharp, concise document which is written for a particular purpose and audience. It generally sets outs and analyses a situation or problem, often making recommendations for future action. It is a factual paper, and needs to be clear and well-structured. Requirements for the precise form and content of a report will vary between organisation and departments and in study between courses, from tutor to tutor, as well as between subjects, so its worth finding out if there are any specific guidelines before you start. Reports may contain some or all of the following elements: A description of a sequence of events or a situation; Some interpretation of the significance of these events or situation, whether solely your own analysis or informed by the views of others, always carefully referenced. Academic Referencing for more information An evaluation of the facts or the results of your research; Discussion of the likely outcomes of future courses of action; your recommendations as to a course of action; and. Not all of these elements will be essential in every report. If youre writing a report in the workplace, check whether there are any standard guidelines or structure that you need to use. For example, in the uk many government departments have outline structures for reports to ministers that must be followed father's exactly.
News, reporting and, feature Article, writing
Some academic assignments ask for a report, rather than an essay, and students are often confused about what that really means. Likewise, in business, confronted with daddy a request for a report to a senior manager, many people struggle to know what to write. Confusion often arises about the writing style, what to include, the language to use, the length of the document and other factors. This page aims to disentangle some of these elements, and provide you with some advice designed to help you to write a good report. What is a report? In academia there is some overlap between reports and essays, and the two words are sometimes used interchangeably, but reports are more likely to be needed for business, scientific and technical subjects, and in the workplace. Whereas an essay presents arguments and reasoning, a report concentrates on facts.