The power of such a seducer is speech,. A few days ago i heard one soldier talking to another about a third who had betrayed a girl; he did not give a long-winded description, and yet his expression was very pithy: "He gets away with things like that by lies and things like. The object of his desire is accordingly, when one rightly considers him aesthetically, something more than the mere sensuous. But what is this force, then by which Don juan seduces? It is desire, the energy of sensuous desire. He desires in every woman, the whole of womanhood, and therein lies the sensuously idealizing power with which he at once embellishes and overcomes his prey.
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He's lost in the multiplicity of the "1,003 women he has to seduce". 25 faust seduces just one woman. This section deals with theological questions. He asks if God seduces 1,003 people at one time or if he seduces one single individual at a time in order to make a believer. He also wrote about seducers in this way: Achim. Arnim tells somewhere of a seducer of a very different style, a seducer who falls under ethical categories. About him he uses an expression which in truth, boldness, and conciseness is almost equal to mozarts stroke of the bow. He says he could so talk with a woman that, if the devil caught him, he could wheedle himself out of it if he had a chance to talk with the devils grandmother. This is the real paper seducer; the aesthetic interest here is also different, namely: how, the method. There is evidently something very profound here, which has perhaps escaped the attention of most people, in that faust, who reproduces Don juan, seduces only one girl, while don juan seduced hundreds; but this one girl is also, in an intensive sense, seduced and crushed.
"Freedom of Thought the "Unmovable chess piece the tragic clown, and the laughter of the gods. 22 If one were to read these as written they would show a constant movement from the outer poetic experience to the inner experience of humor. The movement from the outer to the inner is a theme in kierkegaard's works. The Immediate Stages of the Erotic, or Musical Erotic edit An essay discussing the idea that music presentation expresses the spirit of sensuality. 'a' evaluates mozart's The marriage of Figaro, the magic Flute and Don giovanni, as well as goethe's faust. 'a' has taken upon himself the task of proving, through the works of mozart, that " music is a higher, or more spiritual art, than language ". During this process he develops the three stages of the musical-erotic. 24 Here he makes the distinction between a seducer like don juan, who falls under aesthetic categories, and faust, who falls under ethical categories. "The musical Don juan enjoys the satisfaction of desire; the reflective don juan enjoys the deception, enjoys the cunning." Don juan is split between the esthetic and the ethical.
The natural reaction is to make an eventual "leap" to the second phase, the "ethical which is characterized as a phase online in which rational choice and commitment replace the capricious and inconsistent longings of the aesthetic mode. Ultimately, for kierkegaard, the aesthetic and the ethical are both superseded by a final phase which he terms the "religious" mode. This is introduced later in fear and Trembling. Diapsalmata edit The first section of Either is a collection of many tangential aphorisms, epigrams, anecdotes and musings on the aesthetic mode of life. The word 'diapsalmata' is related to ' psalms and means "refrains". It contains some of kierkegaard's most famous and poetic lines, such as "What is a poet? "Freedom of Speech".
As an intoxicated man gathers a wild crowd of youths about him, so they flocked about me, the fairies of joy, and I greeted them with a smile. My soul has lost its potentiality. If I were to wish for anything, i should not wish for wealth and power, but for the passionate sense of the potential, for the eye which, ever young and ardent, sees the possible. Pleasure disappoints, possibility never. And what wine is so sparkling, what so fragrant, what so intoxicating, as possibility!" A ; diapsalmata (Swenson,. . 40) The first volume, the "Either describes the " aesthetic " phase of existence. It contains a collection of papers, found by 'victor Eremita' and written by 'a the "aesthete." 6 17 The aesthete, according to kierkegaard's model, will eventually find himself in "despair a psychological state (explored further in kierkegaard's The concept of Anxiety and The sickness Unto. Kierkegaard's "despair" is a somewhat analogous precursor of existential angst.
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"A" - the moniker given to the fictional author of the first text either by victor Eremita, whose real name he claims not to have known. B "Judge vilhelm" - the fictional author of the second text. "Johannes" - the fictional author of a section of 'either' titled "The diary of a seducer" and Cordelia his lover. 1 I have half a mind to write a counter-piece to "The seducers diary." It would be a feminine figure: "The courtesans diary." It would be worth the trouble to depict such a character. Journals and Papers of kierkegaard, 4A 128 kierkegaard published the second edition of Either/Or on may 14, 1849, the very same day he published The lily of the field and the bird of the air. 21 he published three books on the same day october 16, 1843. "Wine no routine longer makes my heart glad; a little of it makes me sad, much makes me melancholy.
My soul is faint and impotent; in vain I prick the spur of pleasure into its flank, its strength is gone, it rises no more to the royal leap. I have lost my illusions. Vainly i seek to plunge myself into the boundless sea of joy; it cannot sustain me, or rather, i cannot sustain myself. Once pleasure had but to beckon me, and I mounted, light of foot, sound, and unafraid. When I rode slowly through the woods, it was as if I flew; now when the horse is covered with lather and ready to drop, it seems to me that I do not move. I am solitary as always; forsaken, not by men, which could not hurt me, but by the happy fairies of joy, who used to encircle me in countless multitudes, who met acquaintances everywhere, everywhere showed me an opportunity for pleasure.
But such a proof is impossible." 12 Law of identity (a a; a thing is identical to itself) Law of excluded middle (either a or not-A; a thing is either something or not that thing, no third option) Law of noncontradiction. (not both a and not-A; a thing cannot be both true and not true in the same instant) Hegel giving a lecture In georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 's work, the Science of Logic (1812 hegel had criticized Aristotle 's laws of classical logic for being. Hegel formulated addendums for Aristotle's laws: Law of identity is inaccurate because a thing is always more than itself Law of excluded middle is inaccurate because a thing can be both itself and many others Law of non-contradiction is inaccurate because everything in existence. In the meantime, the loss is obvious, for neither logic nor actuality is served by placing actuality in the logic. Actuality is not served thereby, for contingency, which is an essential part of the actual, cannot be admitted within the realm of logic. If anyone would take the trouble to collect and put together all the strange pixies and goblins who like busy clerks bring about movement in Hegelian logic a later age would perhaps be surprised to see that what are regarded as discarded witticisms once played.
Concept of Anxiety, søren kierkegaard, nichol translation,. 9-10, note 12 kierkegaard argues that Hegel's philosophy dehumanized life by denying personal freedom and choice through the neutralization of the 'either/or'. The dialectic structure of becoming renders existence far too easy, in Hegel's theory, because conflicts are eventually mediated and disappear automatically through a natural process that requires no individual choice other than a submission to the will of the Idea or geist. Kierkegaard saw this as a denial of true selfhood and instead advocated the importance of personal responsibility and choice-making. Structure edit The book is the first of kierkegaard's works written pseudonymously, a practice he employed during the first half of his career. 19 20 In this case, four pseudonyms are used: "Victor Eremita" - the fictional compiler and editor of the texts, which he claims to have found in an antique escritoire.
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He returned to copenhagen in March 1842 with a draft of the manuscript, which was completed near the end of 1842 and published in February 1843. According to a journal entry from 1846, either/Or was written "lock, stock, and barrel in eleven months" rub og Stub, i 11 guaranteed maaneder 7 8 although a page from the "Diapsalmata" section in the 'a' volume was written before that time. The title either/Or is an affirmation of Aristotelian logic, particularly as modified by johann Gottlieb Fichte 9 10 11 and Immanuel Kant. Is the question, "Who am I?" a scientific question or one for the single individual to answer for him or her self? Fichte wrote in The Science of Knowledge "The question has been asked, What was I before i became self-conscious? The answer is, i was not at all, for I was not. The Ego is only in so far as it is conscious of itself. The proposition not a is not A will doubtless be recognized by every one as certain, and it is scarcely to be expected that any one will ask for its proof. If, however, such a proof were possible, it must in our system be deduced from the proposition.
Either way, however, an individual can go too far in these realms and lose sight of his or her true self. Only faith can rescue the individual from these two opposing help realms. Either/Or concludes with a brief sermon hinting at the nature of the religious sphere of existence, which kierkegaard spent most of his publishing career expounding upon. Ultimately, kierkegaard's challenge is for the reader to "discover a second face hidden behind the one you see" 5 in him/herself first, and then in others. Contents Historical context edit After writing and defending his dissertation On the concept of Irony with Continual Reference to socrates (1841 kierkegaard left Copenhagen in October 1841 to spend the winter in Berlin. The main purpose of this visit was to attend the lectures by the german philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, who was an eminent figure at the time. The lectures turned out to be a disappointment for many in Schelling's audience, including mikhail bakunin and Friedrich Engels, and kierkegaard described it as "unbearable nonsense". 6 During his stay, kierkegaard worked on the manuscript for Either/Or, took daily lessons to perfect his German and attended operas and plays, particularly by wolfgang Amadeus mozart and Johann Wolfgang von goethe.
a philosopher, then a publican, then an orator, and then one of caesars officers. These things are not consistent. You must be one man, either good or bad. You must cultivate either your own reason or else externals; apply yourself either to things within or without you—that is, be either a philosopher or one of the mob." 3, his motto comes from Plutarch, "The deceived is wiser than one not deceived." 4 The. In this realm, one has the possibility of the highest as well as the lowest. The ethical, on the other hand, is the civic realm of existence, where one's value and identity are judged and at times superseded by the objective world. In simple terms, one can choose either to remain oblivious to all that goes on in the world, or to become involved. More specifically, the ethic realm starts with a conscious effort to choose one's life, with a choice to choose.
1, the views of the book are not neatly summarized, but are expressed as lived experiences embodied by the pseudonymous authors. The book's central concern is the primal question asked. Aristotle, "How should we live?" 2, his book was certainly informed. Epictetus ; "Consider first, man, what the matter is, and what your own nature is able to bear. If you would be a wrestler, consider your shoulders, your back, your thighs; for different persons are made for different things. Do you think that you can act as you do and be a philosopher, that you can eat, drink, be angry, be discontented, as you are now? You must watch, you must labor, you must get the better of certain appetites, type must quit your acquaintances, be despised by your servant, be laughed at by those you meet; come off worse than others in everything—in offices, in honors, before tribunals.
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For other uses, see, either/Or (disambiguation). Either/Or danish : Enten Eller ) is the first published work of the. Danish philosopher, søren kierkegaard. Appearing in two volumes in 1843 under the pseudonymous editorship of, victor Eremita latin for "victorious hermit it outlines a theory of human existence, marked by the distinction between an essentially hedonistic, aesthetic mode of life and the ethical life, which is predicated upon commitment. Either/Or portrays two life views. Each life view is written and represented by a fictional pseudonymous author, with the prose of the work reflecting and depending on the life view being discussed. For example, the aesthetic life view is written in short essay form, with poetic imagery and allusions, discussing aesthetic topics such as music, revelation seduction, drama, and beauty. The ethical life view is written as two long letters, with a more argumentative and restrained prose, discussing moral responsibility, critical reflection, and marriage.