You will have to back it up with authoritative evidence. . This means that the body of your paper must include references to the specific page numbers where you got your outside information. (If your document is an online source that does not provide page numbers, ask your instructor what you should. There might be a section title or paragraph number that you could cite, or you might print out the article and count the pages in your printout.) avoid using words like always or never, since all it takes is a single example to the contrary. likewise, be careful with words of causation and proof. . For example, consider the claim that television causes violence in kids. . The evidence might be that kids who commit crimes typically watch more television than kids who dont. .
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Sally has failed to notice that among the readings assigned by her professor is an article exploring how the role of women changed from the beginning of the victorian period to the end. Those readings showed that female authors were being published and read like never before the public praised queen Victoria (a woman!) for making water England a great nation some women actually fought against the new feminists because they distrusted their motives many wealthy women in England. Sallys paper focused mainly on her general impression that sexism is unfair (something that she already believed before she started taking the course but Sally has not engaged with the controversies or surprising details (such as, for instance, the fact that for the first time. On the advice of her professor, sally revises her paper as follows: vague original: The role of Women in Victorian Society focused revision: book Mary wollestonecrafts revolutionary Ideas Women can be just as strong and capable as men are. . In "The rights of Woman mary wollestonecraft said women appear weak because they lack men's rights: "Let woman share the rights and she will emulate the virtues of man" (136). . She questioned the assumption that womanly jobs, such as breastfeeding, were inferior to manly ones, such as war. . Now that we have packaged baby formula and female fighter pilots, we may have to rethink some of her specific points, but her overall argument is still valid. (Paper concludes with a bibliography) Sallys focused revision (right) makes specific reference to a particular source, and uses a" to introduce a point. . Sally still injects her own opinion, but she is offering specific comments on complex issues, not bumper-sticker slogans and sweeping generalizations, such as those given on the left. Documenting evidence back up your claims by"ng reputable sources. . If you writeRecent research shows that or Many scholars believe that, you are making a claim.
M any students try doing most of their research on the Internet. . Depending on your topic, the Internet may simply not have good sources available. G o ahead and surf as you try to narrow your topic, but remember: you still need to cite whatever you find. (See: researching Academic Papers.) When asked to submit a short parts research paper on the place of women in Victorian society, sally is shocked to learn women couldnt vote or own property. . She begins her paper by listing these and other restrictions, and adds personal commentary such as: Women can be just as strong and capable as men are. . Why do men think they have the right to make all the laws and keep all the money, when women stay in the kitchen? . people should be judged by what they contribute to society, not by the kind of chromosomes they carry. After reaching the required number of pages, she tacks on a conclusion about how women are still fighting for their rights today, and submits her paper.
The role of government in American Race relations during the write 1930s Now we are starting to get somewhere a student couldnt possibly write this paper without knowing something about that specific time period. Federal Policies Affecting Rural Blacks during the real 1930s even though it is still possible to write a whole book with this title, the topic is narrow enough that a student might write a short paper giving the basic facts, describing (or at least listing) the. How would you improve each of these paper topics? Environmentalism in America Immigration Trends in Wisconsins Chippewa valley drinking and Driving Local tv news 10 ways that Advertisers lie to the public Athletes on College campuses. Use sources Appropriately Unless you were asked to write an opinion paper or a reflection statement, for short papers assigned early in the semester, your professor probably expects you to draw a topic from the assigned readings (if any). S ome students frequently get this backwards — they write the paper first, then look for"s from sources that agree with the opinions theyve already committed. (Thats not really doing research to learn anything new — thats just looking for confirmation of what you already believe.) S tart with the readings, but dont pad your paper with summary.
Or Womens Struggle for Equality or How to Eliminate racism. you wont be graded down simply because you dont have all the answers right away. . The trick is to zoom in on one tiny little part of the argument. Short Research Paper: Sample topics The role of the government in the lives of Its Citizens This paper could very well start with Biblical tribes, then move through ancient Greece, rome, the rise of monarchy and nationalism in Europe, revolutions in France and America, the. This topic is huge! The role of government in American Race relations While this version of the topic at least settles on a single country, it is still way too complex. Papers with titles like this tend to be filled with the students personal opinions about what governments should or should not. Your professor is probably more interested in first making sure you can explain specific details, rather than make sweeping generalizations about what governments should or should not.
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Showcase your best insights at the beginning of your paper. You wont know what your best ideas are until youve written a the full draft. Part of revision involves identifying strong ideas and making them more writer prominent, while identifying filler and other weak material, and pruning it away to leave more room to develop your best ideas. Its normal, in a rough draft, to hit on a really good idea about two-thirds of the way through your paper. But an academic paper is not a mystery novel.
A rushed or bored reader will not have the patience to hunt for clues. A thesis statement that includes a clear reasoning blueprint (see blueprinting: Planning your Essay ) will help your reader identify and follow your ideas. When you submit, the title, the introduction, and the conclusion should match. (I am amazed at how many students overlook this simple step.). Choose a narrow Topic A short research paper assigned in the first month of class is not the proper occasion for you to tackle huge issues, such as, was Hamlet Shakespeares Best Tragedy?
This document focuses on the kind of short, narrowly-focused research papers you might encounter early in a course, when instructors want a quick peek at your abilities. The assignment description provided by your instructor is your best resource. our instructor is your best resource. He or she has probably already given you an assignment description — perhaps one that includes a link to this page. Given you a detailed set of instructions Such papers typically do not require that you build a complex argument, or offer your personal evaluation of a text, or aim for poetic effects. You will have the chance to get more intellectually daring later on, but for now — unless your instructor has told you otherwise — just stick to the basics.
Plan to revise, choose a narrow Topic, use sources Appropriately. Plan to revise, even a very short paper is the result of a process. You start with one idea, you test it, and you hit on something better. You might end up somewhere unexpected. If so, thats good — it means you learned something. If youre only just starting your paper, and its due tomorrow, you have already robbed yourself of your most valuable resource — time.
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As an undergraduate who has a few weeks to write a short research paper, you probably wont be expected to conduct experiments on cancer patients. (And if you did, youd probably be writing a lab report about reviews your findings, not a research essay.). The point is, research means different things in different contexts. If i, as a professor, were to research a topic like role that the telephones played in detective fiction in the early 20th century, i would hope nobody else has already published a whole book on that exact topic. Im sure there are books about the history of the telephone, and about the history of detective fiction, and there are certainly detective stories that involve telephones. And if I do find an article on the telephone in early detective fiction, maybe i could still find something original to say about ways that male and female authors use telephones differently in early detective fiction. But, just as there might not be any uncatalogued species of butterfly in Pennsylvania, and option a and option B might not have any measurable impact on the survival rate of cancer patients, the truth is that, even after months or years of study,.
But so is discovering a cheaper, more effective way to use an existing therapy — and so is demonstrating that option a is a little less effective but a lot cheaper, and option b is a little cheaper but a lot less effective. And so would be looking for unusual patterns, such as noting that of patients who received therapy option a, patients from a particular ethnic group lived only half as long as the average patient. Are the doctors discriminating against the ethnic group? Is there something in the diet or environment of those patients that impacts the effectiveness of the therapy? Is there something about the genetic makeup of those patients that make therapy a less effective for them? Just as the butterfly expert doesnt already know theres an undiscovered butterfly in Pennsylvania, the cancer expert doesnt know what there is to discover about the social factors influencing cancer therapy. If you know anything about the scientific method, you know that the thing scientists will promote do is conduct experiments to gather information.
if I want to research which phone i should buy, i would start with google; I would watch some unboxing videos, check the most positive and the most critical reviews on Amazon, and ask my friends on social media for their. Id assume somebody already has written about, or knows, the answer, and my research is to find that correct answer. Now lets consider a different kind of research. An entomologist goes outside, catches hundreds or thousands of butterflies, and finds one that nobody has ever catalogued before. If she had simply googled for butterflies of Pennsylvania she would simply find what other people have already discovered about butterflies. She didnt know she would find an uncatalogued butterfly, but once she does, she can study how its behavior differs from its closest relatives, and publish that as research. This handout compiles tips that I find help my own students make the transition from writing an essay that demonstrates your ability to summarize information youve already been exposed to (in the form of lectures or assigned chapters and your ability to find, on your. Its pretty easy to see that discovering a new therapy for cancer counts as research.
Clap, clap, Step, step, hands up, hands down, hands on hips, sit down, etc. How old is she? Where is she from? (we've done much work today. Look at the blackboard and say what we have done. Thank you for good work. Jerz writings writing academic research Papers, title, thesis, blueprint,"ng. Citing, mla format, have you been asked to write a college research paper?
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Ask them what they think the lesson will be about. how old business are you? where are you from? what are you? Stuffed toys, a iii. CDs, b. Stamps, c.