Now, take your second sheet of paper and, with the foil side facing outward this time, fold in half. This is what the second sheet looks like once youve made your first fold. Next, slide the folded edge of your first sheet of paper into the open end of your second sheet of paper, until the first sheet catches on its crease. Rest the outer sheet on the crease of the inner sheet, and then release the bottom edge of the inner sheet. Flip this package over and place it on the table, so that the released flap extends downward. Next, fold the right corner of the package downward at a 45 degree angle and crease in place. (If you like, you can fold the corners at slightly less than 45 degrees to create a shape thats a bit more rectangular.). Repeat this step with the left corner of the package.
M: Chinese joss Paper - gold and Silver foil
If you dont have access dissertation to joss festival paper, you can use a light construction paper thats cut into 5 1/2 inch squares. Once you get a hang of the directions below, it should only take about a minute to make each ingot. Youll want to make a good pile of them, to ensure youre being sufficiently generous to the passing ghosts. On the evening of the hungry Ghost Festival, take your joss paper ingots outside along with any other offerings youre making, arrange them in a neat pile by the street curb and burn them into the night. The ghosts use the money to pursue pleasure in the spirit world. This project takes about half an hour and creates 25 joss paper ingots. All you need is 50 sheets of 5 1/2 inch joss paper. Youll need two sheets for each ingot. With the foil side facing inward, fold the first sheet of paper in half. Bring the bottom folded edge upward and crease in place when its 1/4 inch from the top. This is what the first sheet looks like once youve made your second fold.
(As an aside, you can also repeat this activity as youre planning for the. Qingming Festival in daddy the spring. do it yourself, traditional Joss Paper Squares. You can make the gold ingots in this tutorial with these traditional joss paper squares, each of which is decorated with gold or silver foil to represent money. » read reviews and buy. To get started, you need a stack of joss paper, which you can typically find in Chinatown at a spiritual supplies store. Joss paper is traditionally made from coarse bamboo paper thats cut into individual squares and decorated with stamps or thin pieces of foil.
Hungry Ghost Festival Family guide. Sign up for our newsletter to receive our best activity, recipe and craft ideas before every Chinese holiday. Families usually burn joss paper entry to send departed ancestors everything they might need in the afterlife. Offerings can range from simple paper bank notes to elaborate paper crafts shaped like clothing, cars and electronics. During the hungry Ghost Festival, however, burning joss paper is more an act of appeasement intended to calm the wandering spirits and keep them from creating mischief. Joss paper ingots are very much in keeping with the simple offerings that are typically made during the hungry Ghost Festival. Burning the ingots, whose color and shape list resemble ancient Chinese currency, is meant to please the hungry ghosts, alongside the other offerings of food, drink and entertainment that take place during Ghost Month. Folding a joss paper ingot is really easy — its a bit like origami, actually. As youre preparing for the night of the hungry Ghost Festival, its the type of activity you can do as a family while chatting around the table.
Modern China, 13(3 259-277. Retrieved from jstor database. Hell bank notes - library - collection - studio - collectors Software. Retrieved October 23, 2008 from 1 Joss Paper. Retrieved October 24, 2008 from m seaman,. Spirit Money: An Interpretation. Journal of Chinese religions. Belmont, california: Wadsworth Publishing Company. This article is part of our.
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The papers may also be folded and stacked into elaborate pagodas or lotuses. In taoist rituals, the practice of burning joss paper to deities or ancestors is acceptable. Some buddhist groups, such as essay Kong Meng San Phor Kark see temple in Singapore, have discouraged burning joss paper out of concern for the environment. See also edit references edit Adler,. London: laurence king Publishing, Ltd.
Asian Joss Paper: Rubber Trouble. Retrieved October 23, 2008 from p Burning of Joss Paper. Retrieved October 23, 2008 from p? Popular Religion in China. Money for the gods.
The joss paper may be folded into specific shapes which are meant to bring on good luck and people tend to burn lavish amounts to ensure that the offering is well received. Every fifteen days business owners in taiwan burn spirit money in red braziers and set out offering tables on the sidewalk for both Gods and ghosts. This coincides with an ancient calendrical system divided into twenty-four fifteen-day periods. A simplified modern Chinese offering is made by drawing a circle with chalk on the sidewalk or the pavement between residential buildings and burning the paper offering within the circle. This is quite common in all Chinese cities and villages today.
Due to environmental concerns, contemporary joss paper burners have now been fitted with a special cover which eliminates the spread of burning ashes. The cover allows enough oxygen in to ensure that all of the offering are completely burned. Spirit money is most commonly burned, but may also be offered by being held into the wind or placed into the deceased's coffin at funeral ceremonies. Depending on the type and status of the deity being worshiped, paper with metal foil or with ink seals of various sizes may be burned. Different regions of the world have preferences on the type of Joss paper that is used. For instance, hell Bank notes are commonly found in regions where cantonese populations dominate but are rarely seen or used in places such as taiwan or Macau, which use "gold paper". The joss paper is folded in half, or bought pre-folded into a shape of gold ingots before being burned in an earthenware pot or a specially built chimney. Joss paper burning is usually the last performed act in Chinese deity or ancestor worship ceremonies.
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Spirit money has been said to have been given for the purpose of enabling their deceased family members to have all they will need or want in the afterlife. It has also been noted that these offerings have been given as a bribe to yanluo to hold their ancestors for a shorter period of time. Woman burning joss papers in front of her house in Hanoi after having offered food to her ancestors Venerating the ancestors is based on the belief that the spirits of the dead continue to dwell in the natural world and have the power to influence. The goal of ancestor worship is to ensure the ancestor's continued well-being and positive disposition towards the living and sometimes to ask for special favours or assistance. Rituals of ancestor worship most commonly consist of offerings to the deceased to provide for their welfare in the afterlife which is envisioned to be similar to the earthly life. The burning of spirit money enables online the ancestor to purchase luxuries and necessities needed for a comfortable afterlife. Joss paper folded and ready to be burned as an offering Many temples have large furnaces outside the main gate to burn joss paper. Folding the paper is an important part of the burning ceremony as it distinguishes joss paper from actual money. Burning actual money would be untenable for most people, and is also considered unlucky in Asian cultures.
A translation of the word "hell" that matches the pre-existing Chinese concept of "underground hold/court which in taoist cosmology had been considered the initial destination of the soul of the dead regardless of his irish or her virtue during life. Hell Bank notes are also known for their enormous denominations ranging from 10,000 to 5,000,000,000. The bills almost always feature an image of the jade Emperor on the front and the "headquarters" of the hell Bank on the back. Another common feature is the signatures of both the jade Emperor and the lord of the Underworld, both of whom apparently also serve as the hell bank's governor and deputy governor (as featured on the back). A modern type of joss paper in the folded form and colour of gold bars. Joss paper goods on sale in Hong Kong Joss Paper at vietnam(2013). Publisher is "Ngân Hàng địa phủ" (Bank of Hell government) Joss paper of the silver variety being folded for burning Spirit money is most often used for venerating those departed but has also been known to be used for other purposes such as a gift.
and spirits. Threads and clothes a type of joss paper with items needed by the dead in "daily life such as clothes, shoes, cups, and scissors printed on the surface. Contemporary edit more contemporary or westernized varieties of Joss paper include paper currency, credit cards, cheques, as well as papier-mâché clothes, houses, cars, toiletries, electronics and servants (together known as Mandarin zhǐzhā zh: ). The designs on paper items vary from the very simple to very elaborate (with custom artwork and names). In 2006, in response to the burning of "messy sacrificial items" according to dou yupei, china's deputy minister for civil affairs, the ministry intended to ban at least the more extreme forms of joss paper. 6 "Hell Bank notes" edit main article: Hell money the most well known joss paper item among Westerners is the hell Bank note. Much like the traditional gold and silver paper, hell Bank notes serve as the official currency for the afterlife. Living relatives offer them to dead ancestors by burning (or placing them in coffins in the case of funerals) the bank notes as a bribe to yanluo for a shorter stay or to escape punishment, or for the ancestors themselves to use in spending. The word "hell" may have been derived from: What was preached by Christian missionaries, who told the Chinese that non-Christians go to hell when they die.
Different types of spirit revelation money are given to distinct categories of spirits. 2 3 4 5 The three main types of spirit money are cash (also known as copper silver and gold. Cash monies are given to newly deceased spirits and spirits of the unknown. Gold spirit money (jin) is given to both the deceased and higher gods such as the jade Emperor. Silver spirit money (yin) is given exclusively to ancestral spirits as well as spirits of local deities. These distinctions between the three categories of spirit money must be followed precisely to prevent confusion or insult of the spirits. Nine gold large paper squares with a golden metallic rectangle and printed with angled shapes and characters, burned for spiritual army officials and close relatives.
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Traditional joss paper sold in stacks at a store. Joss paper ( simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : jīnzhǐ ; literally: "gold paper Chinese : ; pinyin : yīnsīzhǐ, chinese : ; pinyin : zhǐqián, or simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: míng bì ; literally: "shade/dark money also. Chinese ancestral worship such as the veneration of the deceased family members and relatives on holidays and special occasions. Joss paper, as well as other papier-mâché items, are also burned or buried in various Asian funerals, to ensure that the spirit of the deceased has essay lots of good things in the afterlife. In taiwan alone, the annual revenue of temples received from burning ghost money was US400 million (NT13 billion) as of 2014. 1, contents, traditional edit, joss made from gold foil, dating to the. Jin Dynasty 265-420 ad, joss paper is traditionally made from coarse bamboo paper, which feels handmade with many variances and imperfections, although rice paper is also commonly used. Traditional joss is cut into individual squares or rectangles. Depending on the region, joss paper may be decorated with seals, stamps, pieces of contrasting paper, engraved designs or other motifs.