His squadron was reassembled in haifa. From there, dahl flew sorties every day for a period of four weeks, shooting down a vichy French Air Force potez 63 on 8 June and another ju 88 on 15 June, but he began to get severe headaches that caused him to black out. He was invalided home to Britain. Though at this time dahl was only a pilot officer on probation, in September 1941 he was simultaneously confirmed as a pilot officer and promoted to war substantive flying officer. 47 Diplomat, writer and intelligence officer After being invalided home, dahl was posted to an raf training camp in Uxbridge. He attempted to recover his health enough to become an instructor.
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The squadron was business now equipped with Hawker Hurricanes. Dahl flew a replacement Hurricane across the mediterranean sea in April 1941, after seven hours' experience flying Hurricanes. By this stage in the Greek campaign, the raf had only 18 combat aircraft writing in Greece: 14 Hurricanes and four Bristol Blenheim light bombers. Dahl flew in his first aerial combat on, while flying alone over the city of Chalcis. He attacked six Junkers ju 88s that were bombing ships and shot one down. On 16 April in another air battle, he shot down another. 44 On, dahl took part in the battle of Athens, alongside the highest-scoring British Commonwealth ace of World War ii, pat Pattle, and Dahl's friend david coke. Of 12 Hurricanes involved, five were shot down and four of their pilots killed, including Pattle. Greek observers on the ground counted 22 German aircraft downed, but because of the confusion of the aerial engagement, none of the pilots knew which aircraft they had shot down. Dahl described it as "an endless blur of enemy fighters whizzing towards me from every side". 45 46 In may, as the germans were pressing on Athens, dahl was evacuated to Egypt.
42 Dahl was rescued and taken to a first-aid post in Mersa matruh, where he regained consciousness, but not his sight. He was transported by train to the royal navy hospital in Alexandria. There he fell in and out of love with a nurse, mary welland. A raf inquiry into the crash revealed that the location to which father's he had been told to fly was completely wrong, and he had mistakenly been sent instead to the no man's land between the Allied and Italian forces. 43 a hawker Hurricane mk 1, the aircraft type in which Dahl engaged in aerial combat over Greece. In February 1941, dahl was discharged from hospital and passed fully fit for flying duties. By this time, 80 Squadron had been transferred to the Greek campaign and based at Eleusina, near Athens.
80 Squadron raf, flying obsolete Gloster Gladiators, the last biplane fighter aircraft used by the raf. Dahl was surprised to find that he would not receive any specialised training in aerial combat, or in flying Gladiators. On 19 September 1940, dahl was ordered to fly his Gladiator by stages from Abu sueir (near Ismailia, in Egypt ) to 80 Squadron's forward airstrip 30 miles (48 km) south of Mersa matruh. On the final leg he could not find the airstrip and, running low on fuel and with night approaching, he was forced to attempt a landing in the desert. 41 The undercarriage hit a boulder and the aircraft crashed. Dahl's skull was fractured and his nose was smashed; he was temporarily blinded. 42 he managed to drag himself away from the blazing wreckage and passed out. He wrote about the crash in his first published work.
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34 After school After finishing his schooling, in August 1934 Dahl crossed the Atlantic on the rms nova scotia and hiked through Newfoundland with the public Schools Exploring Society. 35, dahl joined the Shell Petroleum Company. Following two years of training in the United Kingdom, he was hard assigned first to mombasa, kenya, then to dar-es-Salaam, tanganyika (now Tanzania). Along with the only two other Shell employees in the entire territory, he lived in luxury in the Shell house outside dar es Salaam, with a cook and personal servants. While out on assignments supplying oil to customers across Tanganyika, he encountered black mambas and lions, among other wildlife. 26 Fighter ace In August 1939, as the second World War loomed, the British made plans to round up the hundreds of Germans living in Dar-es-Salaam. Dahl was commissioned as a lieutenant into the king's African Rifles, commanding a platoon of Askari men, indigenous troops who were serving in the colonial army.
37 In november 1939, dahl joined the royal Air Force as an aircraftman with service number 774022. 38 After a 600-mile (970 km) car journey from Dar es Salaam to nairobi, he was accepted for flight training with sixteen other men; only three others of these survived the war. With seven hours and 40 minutes experience in a de havilland Tiger Moth, he flew solo; 39 Dahl enjoyed watching the wildlife of Kenya during his flights. He continued to advanced flying resume training in Iraq, at raf habbaniya, 50 miles (80 km) west of Baghdad. Following six months' training on Hawker Harts, dahl was commissioned as a pilot officer on, and was judged ready to join a squadron and face the enemy. 38 40 he was assigned.
I never have got over. 24 The master was later selected as the Archbishop of Canterbury and crowned queen Elizabeth ii in 1953. (However, according to dahl's biographer Jeremy Treglown, 25 the caning took place in may 1933, a year after Fisher had left Repton; the headmaster was in fact. Christie, fisher's successor.) Dahl said the incident caused him to "have doubts about religion and even about God". 26 he was never seen as a particularly talented writer in his school years, with one of his English teachers writing in his school report "I have never met anybody who so persistently writes words meaning the exact opposite of what is intended." 27 Dahl.
28 he played a number of sports including cricket, football and golf, and was made captain of the squash team. 29 As well as having a passion for literature, he developed an interest in photography and often carried a camera with him. 15 During his years at Repton, the cadbury chocolate company would occasionally send boxes of new chocolates to the school to be tested by the pupils. 30 Dahl would dream of inventing a new chocolate bar that would win the praise of Mr Cadbury himself; this inspired him in writing his third children's book, charlie and the Chocolate factory (1964 and to refer to chocolate in other children's books. 31 Throughout his childhood and adolescent years, dahl spent the majority of his summer holidays with his mother's family in Norway. He wrote about many happy memories from those visits in boy: Tales of Childhood, such as when he replaced the tobacco in his halfsister's fiancé's pipe with goat droppings. 32 he noted only one unhappy memory of his holidays in Norway: at around the age of eight, he had to have his adenoids removed by a doctor. 33 His childhood and first job selling kerosene in Midsomer Norton and surrounding villages in Somerset are subjects in boy: Tales of Childhood.
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20 Dahl wrote about his time at St Peter's in his autobiography boy: Tales of Childhood. 21 Repton School Dahl attended Repton School in Derbyshire from 1929 to 19, when he was 13, dahl attended Repton School in Derbyshire. Dahl disliked the hazing and described an environment of ritual cruelty and status presentation domination, with younger boys having to act as personal servants for older boys, frequently subject to terrible beatings. His biographer Donald Sturrock described these violent experiences in Dahl's early life. 22 Dahl expresses some of these darker experiences in his writings, which is also marked by his hatred of cruelty and corporal punishment. 23 According to boy: Tales of Childhood, a friend named Michael was viciously caned by headmaster geoffrey fisher. Writing it that same book, dahl reflected: All through my school life i was appalled by the fact that masters and senior boys were allowed literally to wound other boys, and sometimes quite severely. I couldnt get over.
16 Dahl first attended the cathedral School, llandaff. At the age of eight, he and four of his friends (one named Thwaites) were caned by the headmaster after putting a dead mouse in a jar of gobstoppers at the local sweet shop, 6 which was owned by a "mean and loathsome" old woman. 6 The five boys named their trick the " Great mouse Plot of 1924 ". 17 Gobstoppers were a favourite sweet among British schoolboys between the two world Wars, and Dahl would refer to them in his creation, everlasting Gobstopper, which was featured in Charlie and the Chocolate factory. 18 Dahl transferred to a boarding school in England: St Peter's in Weston-super-Mare. His parents had wanted him to be educated at an English public school and, because of the regular genesis ferry link across the Bristol Channel, this proved to be the nearest. Dahl's time at St Peter's was unpleasant; he was very homesick and wrote to his mother every week but never revealed his unhappiness to her. After her death in 1967, he learned that she had saved every one of his letters, in small bundles held together with green tape. 19 In 2016, to mark the centenary of Dahl's birth, his letters to his mother were abridged and broadcast as bbc radio 4's book of the week.
Dahl and his sisters were raised in the lutheran faith, and were baptised at the norwegian Church, cardiff, where their parents worshipped. Mrs Pratchett's former sweet shop in Llandaff, cardiff, has a blue plaque commemorating the mischief played by young roald Dahl and his friends, who were regular customers. 14 In 1920, when Dahl was three years old, his seven-year-old sister, Astri, died from appendicitis. Weeks later, his father died of pneumonia at the age. 15 With the option of returning to norway to live with relatives, dahl's mother decided to remain in Wales. Her husband Harald had wanted their children to be educated in British schools, which he considered the world's best.
6, his awards for contribution to literature include the 1983. World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement, and the, british book awards children's Author of the year in 1990. In 2008, The times placed Dahl 16th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Dahl's short stories are known for their unexpected endings, and his children's books for their unsentimental, macabre, often darkly comic mood, featuring villainous adult enemies of the child characters. 8 9, his books champion the kindhearted, and feature an underlying warm sentiment. 10 11, dahl's works for children include, james and the giant peach, charlie and the Chocolate factory, matilda, the witches, fantastic Mr Fox, the bfg, the Twits and george's Marvellous Medicine. His adult works include tales of the Unexpected. Contents Early essays life Childhood roald Dahl was born in 1916 at Villa marie, fairwater road, in Llandaff, cardiff, wales, to norwegian parents, harald Dahl and Sofie magdalene dahl ( née hesselberg). 12 Dahl's father had emigrated to the uk from Sarpsborg in Norway, and settled in Cardiff in the 1880s.
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Roald Dahl (English: /roʊ.əld dɑl/, 1, norwegian: ruɑl dɑl ; 13 September november 1990) was a british novelist, short story writer, poet, screenwriter, and fighter pilot. 2, his books have sold more than 250 million copies worldwide. 3, born in, wales to norwegian immigrant parents, dahl served in the. Royal Air Force during the, second World War. He became a flying ace and intelligence officer, rising to the rank of acting wing commander. He rose to prominence as a writer in the 1940s with works for both children and adults, plan and he became one of the world's best-selling authors. 4 5, he has been referred to as "one of the greatest storytellers for children of the 20th century".