4,000 bc, when the Andals finally reached the isles). House lannister unites much of the westerlands, through a combination of war, wealth, and marriage-alliance. The lannisters then skillfully lead the westerlands to fight off the constant raids from the nearby Iron Islands, and forms the kingdom of the rock. House gardener originally ruled the northern portions of the reach around Highgarden, but over time absorbed surrounding petty kingdoms through peaceful marriage-alliance. Finally it absorbed the last and greatest of its local rivals, the hightower kingdom around Oldtown, to unite the entire region as the kingdom of the reach. King Rogar Bolton bends the knee to the Starks of Winterfell, the culmination of the Starks cementing their rule as kings over the entire north. House Stark of Winterfell gradually establishes more and more control over the rest of The north, so that in time they claim the title king in the north. Some other Northern houses unite with them voluntarily, such as the warriors of house Umber.
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The Grey king unites the Iron Islands, and according to legend kills Nagga the sea-dragon. His sons begin the tradition of the kingsmoot, raising up non-hereditary high kings of the isles by holding an election among their own lords. Oldtown grows to become the first and largest city in Westeros, ruled by house hightower. A guild of scholars and healers forms in the city, who over the generations eventually organize into the Order of maesters. The maesters spread to every castle and town in Westeros, sent out from their headquarters in Oldtown, the citadel, which becomes one of the greatest seats of learning in the world. The ironborn enter into their first great age of expansion under house hoare, conquering much of the western coasts of Westeros (as signified in their heraldry). Their possessions range from bear Island in the far north to the Arbor in the far south, and many lands along the coasts in between. They penetrate as far as raventree hall in the northern riverlands, but their dominion is mostly concentrated near the coasts. Over time, however, as major kingdoms centralized and grew in power on the mainland, such as the Starks paper of Winterfell and Gardeners of Highgarden, they gradually expelled the ironborn, until they were pushed back to the Iron Islands themselves (in a long process stretching from. 8,000 bc.
Later generations would remember this legend as an infamous example of a violation of guest right, a crime which the gods cannot forgive. 8,000 - 6,000 bc : The first Men form a shifting quilt of small kingdoms across Westeros south of the wall, gradually coalescing into larger kingdoms. Legendary heroes of this time period are business held to be the ancestors of the Great houses that rule the seven Kingdoms in later centuries. Bran the builder may have ruled the north from Winterfell as some sort of high-king, but this unity falls apart after the threat of the long Night ends, and the north fragments into various petty kingdoms, like the rest of Westeros. Their great rivals are house bolton, who according to some legends began fighting them as soon as the long Night ended and the wall was finished. 4 Garth Gardener builds Highgarden and settles the fertile fields of the reach. His dynasty continues as house gardener, though Garth's numerous descendants also found many other vassal houses throughout the reach. Lann the Clever swindles house casterly out of Casterly rock and its rich gold mines using nothing but his wits, and becomes the founder of house lannister. Durran Godsgrief builds the impregnable fortress Storm's End, founding house durrandon (ancestors of house baratheon ).
The night's King and the night's queen enslaved the black brothers and performed human sacrifices. One of the first Lord Commanders of the night's Watch is, according to legend, seduced by a white-skinned woman from beyond the wall. He sets himself up as king of the wall and the night's Watch, and conducts human sacrifices. The Stark king in the north as well as the wildling King-beyond-the-wall, joramun, unite to defeat him with and restore the night's Watch. Afterwards the evil Lord Commander's name is ordered to be purged from history, so the legends remember him only as the " Night's King " (not the same as the "Night King. At some point about in these centuries, according to legend, a king from the south visited the wall but gave some great offense to the nightfort's cook. In revenge, the cook killed the king's son and served his flesh to him in a pie. The legend says that the gods cursed the cook by turning him into a giant rat who eats his own offspring, and he is remembered as the rat cook.
He also founds the castle of Winterfell, founds house Stark and the night's Watch and, according to some, is named as the first King in the north. Despite their victory, the Children of the forest suffered heavy losses in the war and begin to disappear from Westeros. 1 The nightfort is the first castle built on the wall, and remains the headquarters of the night's Watch for almost six thousand years. Eighteen additional castles are later built along the wall, sometimes centuries apart. Those first Men tribes unlucky enough to be living north of the wall when it is constructed are trapped in the lands beyond. They become isolated from the developing kingdoms to the south and eventually hostile to them, despite their shared ethnic background. These tribes call themselves the " Free folk though the kingdoms south of the wall consider them to be barbarians, and derisively call them the "wildlings". Despite their differences, the Free folk continue to follow the same religion of the Old Gods, just like their cousins to the south of the wall.
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The Children realized they couldn't hope to overcome slave the pressure sheer numbers of humans - but came upon an idea to turn those very numbers against them. The Children created the White walkers from captured First Men in dangerous magical rituals, imbuing them with the power to raise dead humans (and other animals) into reanimated wights. However, the Children ultimately didn't deploy the first White walkers against the first Men, for reasons not yet explained (possibly because the first Men ultimately sought the peace of the pact - the White walkers may have only been meant as a weapon of last. Through as-yet unexplained circumstances, the White walkers later broke free of the control of the Children of the forest and turned on them - now determined to destroy all life, not just the first Men, leading to the long Night. Exactly when or how this happened is unknown, given that a full 2,000 years passed between the end of the wars with the first Men, and the White walkers' full scale assault in the long Night. The Age of Heroes main article: Age of Heroes The dead raised as Wights. The first Men drove back the White walkers to the furthest north The wall was constructed to defend against any return of the White walkers.
8,000 bc - the long Night : A great winter that lasts a generation descends on the world, followed by a night that goes for years. Under the cover of darkness, the White walkers invade westeros from the uttermost north, causing immense suffering and destruction. In the war for the dawn, the Children and the first Men unite to defeat the walkers, eventually throwing them back into the north. In the eastern tradition they are led by a great hero of the east, a warrior named azor Ahai wielding a sword of fire named Lightbringer, but Westerosi accounts do not mention him. A great leader named Brandon Stark raises the wall with artifice and magic to bar against the walkers' return.
Destroying the land bridge prevent more humans from crossing to the continent on foot, but there are already far too many in southern Westeros to stop. 1 eventually the Children of the forest call down the hammer of the waters a second time, to try to split Westeros in two (and retreat to the northern half but this time they only succeed in flooding the neck, transforming its fields into swamps. 3.10,000 bc - signing of the pact. After years of warfare, the two sides agree to a truce: the Children could not win, but the first Men feared the massive cost in lives if they continued to fight the Children to extinction. Wiser heads prevailed, and so the Children and First Men made the pact on the Isle of Faces : the first Men took control of the open lands and the Children took control of the forested interiors.
In time, the first Men adopt the worship of the Old Gods of the forest. The forging of the pact marked the end of the dawn Age, and the beginning of the Age of Heroes. 1 The first Men who settle in the Iron Islands, separated from the mainland, develop their own unique culture based on seafaring and raiding. They become known as the Ironborn, and unlike their First Men cousins on the mainland, develop their own local religion worshiping a deity known as the Drowned God. The first Men who settle in the neck branch off to form their own unique culture, known as the Crannogmen. They still worship the Old Gods like their neighbors, but their society has adapted to the swampy climate of their territory. The Children of the forest during the dawn Age, as seen during a flashback vision in " The door ". The Children, in desperation, turn captured humans into the first White walkers. At some undetermined point, when the Children of the forest were clearly losing their wars against the first Men, in desperation the Children secretly created the first White walkers.
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The Children work no metals, but have great skill making daggers and arrowheads from razor-sharp dragonglass (obsidian). The reviews Children of the london forest worshiped the gods of nature, the Old Gods of the forest, and carved the faces into sacred weirwood trees. The Children also developed great mastery of magic powers. Here and there the giants quarreled with the Children, but when one group was losing they would simply move to another area: the total combined population of the Children and the giants across all of Westeros wasn't enough to fill even one of the later. 12,000 Before conquest : A human ethnic group, the first Men, invades Westeros across the Arm of Dorne from Essos. The wars of the first Men and the Children of the forest last for generations: the Children possess strong magic powers, but the first Men are stronger, better armed with bronze weapons, and simply more numerous. The Children of the forest use their magic to call down the hammer of the waters, destroying the Arm of Dorne and creating the island chain known as the Stepstones.
The northerners, descended from the first Men who were never conquered by the Andals, have a decidedly negative view of essay the Andal invasions. The dating system is based on the. Thus all dates are "BC" for "Before conquest" or "AC" for "After Conquest". The dawn Age, main article: Dawn Age, the, children of the forest inhabited Westeros long before humans came to the continent. First Men battle with the Children of the forest. The first Men and the Children join hands in peace, after the pact ends their centuries-long wars. Prehistory : Westeros is inhabited by non-human races: the, children of the forest, a diminutive species of greenseers and wood-dancers, and the giants. The giants are primitive, wielding only tree logs as clubs; the Children are somewhat more advanced, aboriginal hunter-gatherers who make villages in the woods.
our equivalent being if written history were extended unbroken back to the construction of the first ziggurat in ancient Sumeria. Oral tradition extends back twice that long. A major issue, pointed out by author. Martin himself, is that as the saying goes, history tends to be written by the victors. Just as in real life, the inhabitants of Westeros during the time frame of the tv series do not possess an objective record of history. History tends to be more accurate the closer it is to the present, but largely in the sense that fables and half-myths tend no longer to be included. All history books display the biases of their authors to some degree. The oldest written histories in Westeros were made by the Andal invaders, and they depicted themselves in a positive light as they killed or conquered the first Men of the south.
Even more simple "cultural traditions" and oral histories have much to say on the subject but no hard evidence. Some of these oral traditions are known to be simply inaccurate: the. Dothraki believe that the first man came into being one thousand years ago, when even the written histories of other continuous civilizations stretch back five to six thousand years. The earliest written histories date back to about 6,000 years ago, when the. Andals first introduced writing to westeros. First Men had no writing system more advanced than runes for marking graves, thus all history before 6,000 years ago relies on oral tradition. Many of the events before 6,000 years ago in Westeros, during the. Age of Heroes, dates are half-legendary, and some of the more fanciful tales of these times probably have little basis in reality. Still, all legends and oral histories may have some kernel of truth behind them.
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Fandom in: History, english, the recorded history of, westeros extends back over 12,000 years, according to tradition, though the accuracy of the legends and myths that recount much of this history is openly plan questioned by the maesters of the citadel, amongst others. As with real-life medieval cultures, the people who inhabit the known world in which the continents of Westeros, Essos, and. Sothoryos are located do not possess objective knowledge about how their world was created. This is in contrast with. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium, in which characters actually did meet their gods or angelic beings and knew the full history of their world. In the fantasy world in which Westeros is set, civilization just gradually coalesced from the hunter-gatherer level, as in real-life. Many different cultures have their own theories about how the world began and how the human race came to be, usually tied to which religion they practice. Different religions offer drastically different theories on how the world was created.