Ptv news news and current affairs channel, it allegedly covers 78 percent of the population;. Ptv national a regional programming channel, it provides programs in regional languages to promote the culture of the countrys four provinces;. Ptv bolan baluchi-language channel, it transmits from quetta;. Ajk tv a kashmiri channel, it provides different programs for local viewers, including Kashmiri news. It transmits from muzaffarabad, in azad Jammu and Kashmir; and. Ptv global provides entertainment and the latest news to pakistanis working abroad. Because of the specific target audience, it only broadcasts through satellite.
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The same survey pointed to the dramatic rise in tv audiences from 2004, when the total number of viewers in the country was estimated at 63 million. Another thesis key reason for state authorities to try to maintain a position of monopoly in terrestrial television was their confidence that, in times of need, cable connections and satellite transmissions could be easily shut down, as was proven in the november 2007 emergency situation. More generally, to give an idea of the significance of ptvs monopoly in terrestrial transmissions, in terms of its exclusive access to a considerable viewership, it is important to note that, out of the estimated 86 million viewers in the country in 2009, 48 million. The close connection between the pakistani state and the countrys dominant tv network is a natural consequence of the fact that ptv is a public limited company entirely owned and controlled by the federal government. The first transmissions of ptv started on 26th november 1964, with a small pilot tv station established in Lahore. Later, television centers were established in Karachi and Rawalpindi/Islamabad in 1967 and in Peshawar and quetta in 1974. Today, ptv offers six different channels to its viewers. In addition to being the only channels in the country available through terrestrial beams, some of them can also be watched through satellite transmissions. The six channels are:. Ptv home the flagship channel of the corporation, it broadcasts entertainment programs. It allegedly covers 89 percent of the population;.
Apart from JIs official publications, some individuals who are or have been affiliated with the party, or inspired by its religious and political ideology, run other media groups. Examples include Ummat Group of Publications, based in Karachi, and Insaaf Group of Publications, based in Lahore jamiat Ulema-i-islam (Fazlur Rehman group another mainstream political party, has a book monthly Urdu-language magazine, al-Jamiah, published from Rawalpindi. Pakistan television corporation (PTV) and its monopoly of terrestrial. Despite the wide-ranging process of electronic media liberalization that was initiated in 2002, to date ptv has maintained its (near) 50 monopolistic position in the provision of terrestrial services. While cable and satellite channels were allowed entrance into the new media market, the pakistani government was careful in keeping a tight control on the television programs being offered through terrestrial beams. Apparently, ptv, and, through it, the federal government, did not want to miss out on the huge reservoir of viewers represented by the rural areas of pakistan, where modern technologies were still a distant dream, especially in economic terms. According to data released in 2009 by gilani gallup pakistan, in that year there were an estimated 52 million tv viewers in the rural areas of pakistan, out of a total of 86 million countrywide.
Established in 1940 by hameed nizami, one of the founding fathers of pakistani journalism, nawa-i-waqt started its operations in Lahore. The first publication resume to be launched was the fortnightly journal Nawa-i-waqt. In the few years following independence, nawa-i-waqt came to represent the most conservative tendencies within pakistans society, embracing the nationalist ideological discourse on which the country was being built. In an article that appeared in 1977, nawa-i-waqt was defined as the self-appointed custodian of the ideology of pakistan, and, in the first five years of existence of the country, it had hunted and pursued a remorseless campaign against all liberal trends and progressive forces. Print media and political parties, political parties in the past have tried to establish daily newspapers that could function as their communication organs to the masses, for example, in 1970 the ppp launched the daily masawat, Established in the wake of the political campaign leading. The daily jassarat of Jamat-e-islami (JI) is another remnant of that period. The ji, a religious political party, owns a large media group which includes a daily newspaper (Jassarat and several weeklies and monthlies; the weeklies Asia, friday special and takbeer, all in Urdu, are among the more prominent ones.
Herald publications, normally known as Dawn Group of Newspapers, the company was founded in 1941 by mohammad Ali s flagship publication, the daily dawn, was first published in 1947 from an already independent pakistan. From there it expanded into a series of publications, all of which use English exclusively. The group has also been one of the first media houses in pakistan to venture into electronic media, including cable tv and the internet. The tv channel Dawn News was established in 2007 and, like their main newspaper, is regularly followed by representatives of the international community and by policy and decision-makers in the public and private sectors. The dawn publications are probably those that have tried to interpret and follow more consistently the original vision of the man who is considered the founding father of the nation. Their main trademark, in fact, is a secular and tolerant approach to some of the most burning issues in pakistans society. Nawa-i-waqt group of publications.
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There are dozens of newspapers ranging from the large English- and Urdu-language dailies and weeklies, to the small local-language papers. The number of television channels grew from two or three state-run stations in 2000 to over 60 privately owned channels in 2010. The three main media groups that are still active to date have their origins in the muslim independence movement of British India and were closely associated to some of its most prominent political figures. However, as the politics of the newly-born pakistan turned into a harsh competition for power, those same media groups chose to carve their own space for survival by taking sides in the ongoing struggle. In order to obtain a better understanding of the ways and the reasons why these groups operate today as they do, it is important to have at least a glimpse at their origin and early evolution.
Jang group of newspaper, the jang Group, it was established in 1942 in Delhi by mir Khalil-ur-Rehman. After independence it was moved to karachi. It is currently the largest media group in the country, comprising a range of Urdu and English brown publications and four tv channels. The Groups flagship publication is the Urdu-language newspaper daily jang, which is printed from six stations across the country. The group also publishes arguably the second largest English newspaper The news. Generally speaking, the group is reputed to have a moderate conservative perspective. Its English publications tend to be more critical of current political affairs and players, while the Urdu publications are milder in their approach.
According to neuman, 2we are witnessing the evolution of a universal interconnected network of audio, video, and electronic text communications that will blur the distinction between interpersonal and mass communication and between public and private communication. Neuman argues that new media will: Alter the meaning of geographic distance. Allow for a huge increase in the volume of communication. . Provide the possibility of increasing the speed of communication. Provide opportunities for interactive communication. . Allow forms of communication that were previously separate to overlap and interconnect.
In 2002, Arnold Kling wrote that the newspaper business is going to die within the next twenty years. Newspaper publishing will continue, but only as a philanthropic venture. Jim Pinkerton said in 2006 of the future of mass media, every country with ambitions on the international stage will soon have its own state-supported media.29. Part ii, development of media in pakistan, the electronic media has touched every sphere of the human aspect. In the present times, information and technology are interwoven with the societys economic progress. The evolution, the reach and quality of mass media has grown significantly in pakistan. The number of print and particularly broadcast media outlets has increased substantially.
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Radio from lined about 1910. Television from about 1950. Internet from about 1990. Mobile phones from about 2000. Modren trends, andrew. Shapiro (1999) argues that the 1emergence of new, digital technologies signals a potentially radical shift of who is in control of information, experience and resources. Russell neuman (1991) suggests that whilst the new media have technical capabilities to pull in one direction, economic and social forces pull back in the opposite direction.
In the slave late 20th Century, media could be classifiedby whom? Into eight mass media industries: books, newspapers, magazines, recordings, radio, movies, television and the internet. With the explosion of digital communication technology in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, a classification called the seven mass media became popular. In order of introduction, they are:. Print (books, pamphlets, newspapers, magazines, etc.) from the late 15th century. Recordings (gramophone records, magnetic tapes, cassettes, cartridges, cds, dvds) from the late 19th century. Cinema from about 1900.
media on pakistans struggle against terrorism Recommendations to harness the power of media to project positive image of pakistan. Part i, evolution of media, until the 1980s media relied primarily upon print and analog broadcast models, such as those of television and radio. The last twenty-five years have seen the rapid transformation into media which are predicated upon the use of digital technologies, such as the Internet and video games. However, these examples are only a small representation of new media. The use of digital computers has transformed the remaining old media, as suggested by the advent of digital television and online publications. Even traditional media forms such as the printing press have been transformed through the application of technologies such as image manipulation software like adobe Photoshop and desktop publishing tools.
There cannot be two opinions on the deep, lasting and widespread impact of media on the masses. Being an agent of socio-political, economic and cultural change in our age, media can disrupt a society or can stabilize and strengthen a society. It can lend decisive support to the stability of a country. Until and unless there is awareness among the masses about a policy, program and actions of the State regarding a problem, there cannot be public golf participation in the process of socio-economic developments. And it is only an effective media which can bring about and ensure such an awareness in a given country and society. Read more: Mass Media and Its Influence on Society. Aim, to analyze the role of media and its effects on society particular to pakistan.
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Intro, media is the medium by virtue of biography which the thoughts, feelings, ideas, concepts and information are conveyed to the masses. Media plays a very vital role in the society. Every medium has a formidable force, as they disseminate information, mold and shape public opinion because this is the age of communication explosion and information revolution. Media has three societal roles. As a watchman, to provide information about the happenings and events. As the contributor to the decision making process, to provide the material necessary for a dialogue on certain issues. As a modifier of attitude during the process of decision making, the media should modify attitude preferences and actions in the desired direction.